Cannabis Seeds


Cannabis seeds are little, oval-shaped dried fruits that are approximately 3-4mm long and 1.5-2mm wide. They’re protected by a thin membrane, which is covered by a much thicker layer, which is the embryo’s biggest system, which covers and protects it.

Albumen is a nutritional reserve that maintains the embryo healthy until germination; it’s also the seed’s initial source of energy once it starts growing. In the core of the seed, you will find the precious embryo which will produce your new plant. Plants contain genetic information as well as four other components: the radicle, the hypocotyl, the cotyledons, and the gemmules. It is the part of the seed from which roots emerge that is known as the embryonic root or the radicle. During the embryonic stage, the seed is composed of hypocotyls, and once it germinates, the cotyledons form leaves.

CBD Cannabis seeds


It’s critical to cultivate female plants if you wish to develop cannabis seeds. The male plant only produces pollen, which when pollinated by other plants creates seed, therefore these are useless. Your buds are produced by a female plant. So, if you’re growing cannabis for personal use, all you need are female cannabis plants.

On the market, there are a plethora of cannabis seeds to choose from. In a nutshell, these can be divided into three categories:


Cannabis seeds obtained from regular sources can come up either male or female. If you order 10 regular cannabis seeds, for example, you don’t know if they will become sterile or feminized, so the chances of them being male or female would probably be 5/5. The chances of growing female plants rise when they are grown in good conditions. 


It is genetically altered so that female plants are produced 97 percent of the time in feminized cannabis seeds. The female cannabis plants are the only ones that produce flowers, making this an advantage. In male cannabis plants, there are no flowers, little THC is present, and it may even influence the intoxicating effects of female plants. A female cannabis plant produces significant amounts of active compounds, including THC, CBD, CBG, and CBN. Seeds are thoroughly tested and further cultivated before going on the market to make sure that the plants are genetically stable and consistent.


Indica and Sativa plants crossed with Rupture are used to produce auto-flowering seeds. Cannabis plants are grown in areas where the summer is short. This causes the ruderalis plant to begin blooming automatically in a short amount of time. (Normally within two or three weeks). Plants of the ruderalis family are found mostly in northern Europe, the Russian Federation, and China and Mongolia. This plant contains less THC than indicas and sativas, which is why it is crossed. Whenever an Indica or Sativa plant is crossed with a ruderalis plant, a fast blooming variant that produces high levels of THC is the result.


A cutting from a marijuana plant is called a cannabis clone. To guarantee that it forms roots, you place it in a growing medium (such as soil or rockwool). You can direct the cutting into a mature plant once it has rooted. The best part is that it is genetically identical to the plant from which it was cut.

Cannabis seeds include genetic material from both of its parents, which is manifested in a variety of ways. For example, you could have a plant that inherits the majority of its characteristics from one parent. It could, on the other hand, have a combination of both.

Typically, skilled growers will plant a variety of seeds and select the best plant. They then take cuttings from this ‘master’ plant and develop marijuana blossoms from them. They can even use a proven clone that they bought from another grower as their master plant.


Cannabis seeds of high quality are not influenced by just one factor, but by the following factors as well:


The seeds should be fully matured before being used.


Ensure that your seeds are kept cool and dark. It is either possible to freeze them immediately or to use them within 12 months. By doing otherwise, you expose your seeds to pathogens that will spoil them.


A standard yield is the best you can expect without good genetics. In some cases, breeders cross a high-quality female plant with any available male plant to sell their seeds. Many plants are stabilized in a way that produces multiple phenotypes. A better option is to grow Inbred Lines (IBLs), which have few differences among their members. Unfortunately, such seeds are hard to come by.


There’s a good chance you’ll find a seed in your cannabis flower if you use it long enough. Whether you want to try to germinate the seed right once or preserve it for later, you must first determine whether the cannabis seed is viable to germinate.

Cannabis seeds that are viable tend to be darker in color, with hues of grey, black, and/or brown. A nice cannabis seed will usually have a tiger stripe running through it. Touching a cannabis seed is another approach to determine if it is viable (make sure to wear gloves when handling cannabis seeds). A good seed should be able to endure a little pressure. If the seed falls apart when put under pressure, it isn’t viable.


Marijuana seed germination is not difficult, but it does require attention to detail and the correct atmosphere. Germination requires the proper amount of moisture, the right temperature, and sufficient light (sunlight or artificial light from low-intensity grow lights).

Placing a cannabis seed between wet paper towels (also known as “the paper towel germination method”) is arguably the easiest and most cost-effective way to germinate it. Squeeze out the excess water after adding a little water to the paper towels.

The paper towels should be damp but not dripping wet. Place the seed(s) between damp paper towels in a sandwich bag to keep the moisture in, and set it on a window sill where it will receive some but not too much light. Keep the paper towels moist until the cannabis seeds have germinated and are ready to be transplanted.

If the space is excessively cold (below 55 degrees Fahrenheit), consider utilizing a heating mat, which can be obtained in the gardening area of most department shops. The paper towel method has a high success rate as long as the cultivator monitors the process until the seed has germinated and is ready to be transplanted into potting soil, peat pellets, or another growing media.

Various goods, such as “quick rooters,” can be used in germination techniques, although they are more expensive than the paper towel method.



You can get away with buying one or two packs at a time if you’re only aiming to grow a few plants for your own personal consumption. Because most commercially available marijuana seeds come in bundles of 10 or more seeds, 10 to 20 seeds should be plenty to produce a healthy harvest even if a few seeds fail. This is a starting point for a small-scale private crop; larger companies should scale up correspondingly.